History: Abilene, Texas was incorporated in 1882. Established by cattlemen as a stock shipping point on the Texas and Pacific Railway in 1881, the city was named after Abilene, Kansas. Abilene became the first city in Texas to create a downtown reinvestment zone in 1982. The city now spans Jones and Taylor Counties. Abeline economy is based on oil, agriculture, commerce, light manufacturing, and services. Abilene Ranked 17th Best in Nation in 2006 for public education Festival and Culture: The West Texas Fair & Rodeo, The Western Heritage Classic, Abilene Founder's Day, Art Walk, Abilene Gem and Mineral Show, the West Texas Book and Music Festival, the Abilene Gun and Knife Show, the Erinshire Folk Festival, Abilene Arts Alliance, Paramount Theatre, The Abilene Philharmonic, The Grace Museum, the Center for Contemporary Arts, The National Center for Children's Illustrated Literature, The Abilene Zoo, and Frontier Texas Colleges and Universities: Abilene Christian University (ACU), Hardin-Simmons University (HSU), and McMurry University, as well as the Abilene campus of Cisco Junior College (CJC), a West Texas campus of Texas State Technical College, and American Commercial College. Abilene has one of the only competing and performing jump rope teams Did you know? Jessica Simpson was born in Abilene, TX?